The Project was the second stage of a policy study for the UNDP’s Regional Energy Programme for Poverty Reduction (REP-PoR). The ultimate goal of the project was to arrive at policy recommendations to governments and to the UNDP on how to minimise the negative impacts and increase the benefits of trade on the poor within the context of helping countries meet their Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The study as a whole had components at the global, regional and national levels. The overall project examines the linkages between international energy trade and poverty in the Asia-Pacific context. The study was supported by multiple national level case studies.