Between 2000 and 2025, the urban population of East Asia (including South East Asia) is expected to increase by 500 million, or 65%, compared to an overall population increase of 17%. Accommodating this increase in a sustainable and equitable manner will represent one of the major development challenges in the coming decades. Further demands on land will come from the need to provide for industrial and commercial development in certain countries. There has been a general lack of synthesized information, especially quantitative, on most topics related to the urban fringe as well as policy measures that can lead to urban fringe development that encourages growth, is environmentally sustainable, is inclusive (not marginalising the poor) and addresses the needs of current occupiers.