an assessment of actual resource use at service delivery levels concerning public funds were discussed. Following these discussions, it was agreed to present and discuss draft terms of references for conducting a Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) with focus on NTP-E funding. While the discussions at that time centered on NTP-E funding, consecutive discussions between the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Hanoi and the GoV led to an agreement to conduct a PETS with a broader scope. The main objectives for the survey were to assess of the effectiveness and efficiency in public transfers for the education sector and institutionalize PETS to be expanded upon and replicated in other sectors under the management of MoF. The scope of the survey was discussed extensively with representatives of MoF and MoET. It was agreed to conduct the survey as “building blocks” with the first survey as a pilot survey in a select few provinces and in one sub-sector; primary education.

The UNDP-Netherlands jointly-funded project to support the Machinery for the Advancement of Women to Mainstream Gender in National Policy and Planning with the specific output of “increased understanding of emerging gender issues” sought to evaluate the effects of Vietnam’s economic integration on women. The aims of the research were to find out the disparities between men and women, and other critical gender issues in the economic integration period and other issues of concern in key sectors for macro-level policy attention. The study focused on the key sectors of garments and footwear, where women’s participation is significant.